Environmental Computing related initiatives, projects, groups and tools

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Infrastructures and similar:

  • APFM – Associated Programme on Flood Management
    • “Integrated flood management (IFM) calls for a paradigm shift from the traditional, fragmented and localized approach, and encourages the use of the resources of a river basin as a whole, employing strategies to maintain or augment the productivity of floodplains, while at the same time providing protective measures against losses due to flooding”
  • Copernicus
    • “Copernicus, previously known as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), is the European Programme for the establishment of a European capacity for Earth Observation”
  • ECMWF
    • “ECMWF is both a research institute and a 24/7 operational service, producing and disseminating numerical weather predictions to its Member States. This data is fully available to the national meteorological services in the Member States.”
  • ESGF
    • “The Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) Peer-to-Peer (P2P) enterprise system is a collaboration that develops, deploys and maintains software infrastructure for the management, dissemination, and analysis of model output and observational data. ESGF’s primary goal is to facilitate advancements in Earth System Science.”
  • EVO – Environmental Virtual Observatory
    • “The pilot Environmental Virtual Observatory was a proof of concept project to develop new cloud-based applications for accessing, interrogating, modelling and visualising environmental data, by developing a series of exemplars.”
  • GEO-DARMA – Data Access for Risk Management
    • “GEO-DARMA aims at addressing priorities of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 using Earth observations (EO). GEO-DARMA will facilitate the sustained provision of accurate EO-based risk information products and services to national and local decision-makers in political and socio-economic sectors, to implement disaster risk reduction and resilience measures, during all disaster risk management phases, whenever those products and services require satellite EO combined with other sources of data (in-situ ground observations, socio-economic, model outputs).”
  • UNISDR
    • “UNISDR’s mandate has been defined by a number of United Nations General Assembly Resolutions, the most notable of which is ‘to serve as the focal point in the United Nations system for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities of the United Nations system and regional organizations and activities in socio-economic and humanitarian fields'”
  • UNOSAT
    • “UNOSAT is a technology-intensive programme delivering imagery analysis and satellite solutions to relief and development organisations within and outside the UN system to help make a difference in critical areas such as humanitarian relief, human security, strategic territorial and development planning.”
  • USArray
    • “USArray is a 15-year program to place a dense network of permanent and portable seismographs across the continental United States. The seismographs record local, regional, and distant (teleseismic) earthquakes.”
  • ESFRI Environment-related Research Infrastructures with multi-model aspects:
    • IS-ENES
      • A network gathering “together the European modelling community working on understanding and predicting climate variability and change. IS-ENES2 combines expertise in climate modelling, computational science, data management and climate impacts.”
    • ACTRIS
      • The “European Research Infrastructure for the observation of Aerosol, Clouds, and Trace gases. ACTRIS is composed of observing stations, exploratory platforms, instruments calibration centres, and a data centre.”
    • AnaEE
      • “AnaEE is a research infrastructure for experimental manipulation of managed and unmanaged terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. It will strongly support scientists in their analysis, assessment and forecasting of the impact of climate and other global changes on the services that ecosystems provide to society.”
    • ENVRI+ T1 – Technical Innovation
      • “The diverse community contributing to ENVRIplus uses a large variety of technologies, measuring parameters ranging from atmospheric concentration of trace gases through metabolomics to detect biodiversity and deep ocean salinity to Earth crust motions.
        The goal of Theme 1 is to ensure common development and application efforts and generate innovation that is not possibly achieved by single Research Infrastructure.”
    • EPOS
      • “EPOS will bring together Earth scientists, national research infrastructures, ICT (Information & Communication Technology) experts, decision makers, and public to develop new concepts and tools for accurate, durable, and sustainable answers to societal questions concerning geo-hazards and those geodynamic phenomena (including geo-resources) relevant to the environment and human welfare.”
    • ICOS RI
      • “ICOS RI contributes to international research projects by providing high quality greenhouse gas data, enabling modeling and participating methodological research to improve the capabilities to solve the grand challenge of climate change.”
    • LifeWatch
      • The LifeWatch Science Portal is offering researchers access to virtual labs that provide environments for the analysis, modeling and computing of the complexity in biodiversity and ecosystems, and with support of data, algorithms, and computing resources from a variety of facilities.

Projects, initiatives:

    • ASTARTE
      • “The ultimate goal of ASTARTE is to reach a higher level of tsunami resilience in the NEAM (North East Atlantic & Mediterranean) region, to improve preparedness of coastal populations, and, ultimately, to save lives and assets. “
    • CARISMAND
      • “CARISMAND aims to deal with the issues of preparedness, response to disasters and after-crisis recovery which is inevitably influenced by cultural background of individuals and the society they live in.”
    • Climex Project
      • “The ClimEx project investigates the effects of climate change on meteo-rological and hydrological extreme events and implications for water management in Bavaria and Québec.”
    • Cyclone Center
      • “The work of Cyclone Center volunteers will help us create a new database of information about cyclones, which will help climatologists better estimate the intensity of future storms.”
    • DRIHM project
      • “The DRIHM project [was] a European initiative running from 1st September 2011 to 28th February 2015 aiming at providing an open, fully integrated workflow platform for predicting, managing and mitigating the risks related to extreme weather phenomena.”
    • EGI Competence centre Disaster Mitigation (DMCC)
      • “The objective of the this Ccompetence Centre (CC) is to make available customised IT services to support the climate and disaster mitigation researchers to gain a deeper understanding of the most serious natural disasters that affect Asia (e.g. earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons) and to mitigate multi-hazards via data-intensive, e-Science techniques and collaborations.”
    • EnCompAS centre of Excellence
      • “The Centre of Excellence for Environmental Computing Application Software (EnCompAS) will support users of resource-intensive simulation and data analysis software in the area of environmental science across Europe.”
    • ERGO Multi-Hazard Assessment, Response, and Planning
      • “Ergo-EQ is a fully functional, state-of-the-art seismic risk software platform that derives vital information for planning and responding on EQ-disasters.”
    • Everyaware
      • ” This project intends to integrate all crucial phases (environmental monitoring, awareness enhancement, behavioural change) in the management of the environment in a unified framework, by creating a new technological platform combining sensing technologies, networking applications and data-processing tools; the Internet and the existing mobile communication networks will provide the infras- tructure hosting such a platform, allowing its replication in different times and places.”
    • eWaterCycle and eWaterCycle operational forecast
      • “eWaterCycle is a project that will provide detailed hydrological information for water management challenges around the globe.”
      • The oprational forecast is the “Beta preview of the eWaterCycle Global Hydrological forecast system”
    • FluidEarth
      • “FluidEarth (formerly known as OpenWEB) is an HR Wallingford initiative bringing together a community of specialists with the aim of researching and implementing integrated computer modelling approaches to environmental systems.”
    • IQumulus
      • “Qmulus aims at the development and integration of an infrastructure and platform that will support critical decision-making processing in geospatial applications”
      • The goal is to “Develop a system for the fusion and integration of very large, highly heterogeneous spatial data sets of different provenance, integrating processing and visualisation.”
    • MIAVITA
      • “MIA-VITA project aims at developing tools and integrated cost effective methodologies to mitigate risks from various hazards on active volcanoes (prevention, crisis management and recovering).”
    • RISC-KIT
      • “RISC-KIT will develop methods, tools and management approaches to reduce risk and increase resilience to low-frequency, high-impact hydro-meteorological events in the coastal zone.”
    • Vi-SEEM (climate)
      • “VI-SEEM will have strong impact on the Climate Modelling and weather forecasting communities. First, there is significant potential to share best practice and data for local and regional Climate Modelling, Weather forecasting and air quality simulations.”
    • WISDOM a German – Vietnamese initiative
      • The “goal of WISDOM to jointly (Vietnamese and German partners) design and implement an Information System for the Mekong Delta, containing information from the fields of hydrology, sociology, information technology and earth observation.”
    • BioVEL
      • BioVeL supports scientists to carry out research on biodiversity by offering computerized tools (“workflows”) to process large amounts of data from your own and cross-disciplinary sources, as well as tools for designing and running workflows. It is a LifeWatch pilot implementation project
    • ENVRIplus
      • ENVRIplus brings together Environmental and Earth System Research Infrastructures, projects and networks together with technical specialist partners to create a more coherent, interdisciplinary and interoperable cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures across Europe.
    • EUBON
      • “EU BON is an innovative approach for the integration of biodiversity information system from on-ground to remote sensing data, for addressing policy and information needs in a timely and customized way. It integrates between social networks of science and policy and technological networks of interoperating IT infrastructures.”
    • GLOBIS-B
      • “GLOBIS-B brings together experts to address the research needs and global infrastructure services required to calculate Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs). Considering required workflows is key in the project”
    • Scratchpads
      • Scratchpads are an online virtual research environment for biodiversity, allowing anyone to share their data and create their own research networks. Key features of Scratchpads include: tools to manage biological classifications, bibliography management, media, rich taxon pages, and character matrices.
    • SKYWARN
      • “To obtain critical weather information, NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS), part of the U.S. Department of Commerce, established SKYWARN® with partner organizations. SKYWARN® is a volunteer program with nearly 290,000 trained severe weather spotters. These volunteers help keep their local communities safe by providing timely and accurate reports of severe weather to the National Weather Service.”
    • ISMOP – Computer System for Monitoring River Embankments
      • “The main purpose of the project is the development of a complex system that supports authorities in flood risk management by providing information on dynamics and intensity of processes that occur in river embankments.As a result of data processing, it will be possible to assess the likelihood of embankments breach, embankments stability as well as determine not only the time and place but also the cause of breach.”
    • Waggle
      • “Waggle is a research project at Argonne National Laboratory to design, develop, and deploy a novel wireless sensor platform to enable a new breed of sensor-driven environmental science and smart city research.”

Research organisations, groups and networks:

  • The Centre of Excellence in Atmospheric Science –
    From Molecular and Biological processes to The Global Climate

    • “Our main scientific objective is to quantify the feedbacks between the atmospheric processes and changing functioning of biosphere in changing climate.”
  • BGRM, the French Geological Survey
    • “BRGM is France’s reference public institution for Earth Science applications in the management of surface and subsurface resources and risks.”
  • LYNET
    • “The Finnish Partnership for Research on Natural Resources and the Environment (Lynet) is a network of the seven largest research institutes in the sectors of natural resources and the environment in Finland, established by a decree in 2009.”
  • Polar Research Coordintation Network
    • “The Polar Research Coordination Network aims to connect the Polar Science, Data and High-Performance and Distributed Computing (HPDC) communities to enable deeper penetration of computing methods and cyberinfrastructure into the polar sciences.”
  • Research Group of Computational Geo-Ecology (IBED-CGE)
    • “Computational Geo-Ecology is a multi-disciplinary research group. We aim at increasing our understanding of the diversity and dynamics of ecosystems by focusing on specific aspects of ecosystem functioning at different temporal, spatial and hierarchical scales.”

Tools and services

  • IS-ENES climate4impact portal
    • “Welcome to the IS-ENES climate4impact portal, oriented towards climate change impact modellers, impact and adaptation consultants, as well as other experts using climate change data.”
  • Data-related
    • ELSEWeb
      • “The Earth, Life and Semantic Web (ELSeWeb) project integrates the NASA-funded Earth Data Analysis Center with an analytical Web Service platform, Lifemapper, which models potential future species distributions under scenarios of climate change.”
    • Plenario
      • “An Open Data Discovery and Exploration Platform for Urban Science”
    • ThinkHazard!
      • “ThinkHazard! is a new web-based tool enabling non-specialists to consider the impacts of disasters on new development projects. Users of ThinkHazard! can quickly and robustly assess the level of river flood, earthquake, drought, cyclone, coastal flood, tsunami, volcano, and landslide hazard within their project area to assist with project planning and design.”
  • Geographical information
    • OpenGEO Suite
      • “OpenGeo Suite is a full geospatial software stack that helps you compose, style, publish, and manage maps and data with ease.”
  • Workflow tools
    • dispel4py
      • “Dispel4Py is a Python library for describing abstract workflows for distributed data-intensive applications.”
      • Used e.g. in the VERCE project
    • FACE-IT
      • “Progress in sustainability science is hindered by challenges in creating and managing complex data acquisition, processing, simulation, post-processing, and intercomparison pipelines. To address these challenges, we developed the Framework to Advance Climate, Economic, and Impact Investigations with Information Technology (FACE-IT) for crop and climate impact assessments.”
    • Pegasus
      • “Pegasus has been used in a number of scientific domains including astronomy, bioinformatics, earthquake science , gravitational wave physics, ocean science, limnology, and others.”
      • Used e.g. in analysing the USArray data
    • Swift
      • Swift is a parallel scripting language that can describe scientific workflows to run on HPC, supercomputer and cloud resources. Its implicitly parallel and high-level, automating resource selection, data management and recovery.
      • Used in environmental projects like RDCEP and FACE-IT, and for hydrology and subsurface modeling.
    • MyExperiment environmental workflows
      • “This site, hosted by MyExperiment provides a large number of curated relevant workflows for environmental sciences, especially for ecology.”
  • Modelling tools and frameworks
    • Cb-TRAM
      • “Intense convective cells are detected, tracked and discriminated with respect to onset, rapid development, and mature phase. The detection is based on Meteosat-8 SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infra-Red Imager) data from the broad band high resolution visible, infra-red 6.2 µm (water vapour), and the infra-red 10.8 µm channels.”
    • CSDMS
      • “The CSDMS Project is an NSF-funded, international effort to develop a suite of modular numerical models able to simulate the evolution of landscapes and sedimentary basins, on time scales ranging from individual events to many millions of years. CSDMS is an acronym for Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System.”
    • Delft3D
      • “The Delft3D FM Suite can simulate storm surges, hurricanes, tsunamis, detailed flows and water levels, waves, sediment transport and morphology, water quality and ecology, and is capable of handling the interactions between these processes.”
    • DRIFt
      • “DRIFt is a linear, semi-distributed model with constant parameters developed by CIMA. It uses a Time Variant Unit Hydrograph (TVUH) approach.”
    • GRAS GIS
      •  “GRASS GIS, commonly referred to as GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System), is a free and open source Geographic Information System (GIS) software suite used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics and maps production, spatial modeling, and visualization.”
    • HBV Light
      • “A semi-distributed hydrologic model to simulate catchment runoff.”
    • Open TELEMAC-MASCARET
      • “TELEMAC-MASCARET is an integrated suite of solvers for use in the field of free-surface flow. Having been used in the context of many studies throughout the world, it has become one of the major standards in its field.”
    • Meso-NH
      • “Meso-NH is the non-hydrostatic mesoscale atmospheric model of the French research community. It has been jointly developed by the Laboratoire d’Aérologie (UMR 5560 UPS/CNRS) and by CNRM (UMR 3589 CNRS/Météo-France)”
    • ObsPy
      • “ObsPy is an open-source project dedicated to provide a Python framework for processing seismological data. It provides parsers for common file formats, clients to access data centers and seismological signal processing routines which allow the manipulation of seismological time series.”
    • OMUSE
      • “The Oceanographic Multi-purpose software environment (OMUSE) is a research framework for numerical simulations that aims to simplify the design of multi-scale and multi-physics numerical experiments in oceanography and climate science.” See also ABC-MUSE.
    • OCG OpenMI
      • “The purpose of the Open Modelling Interface (OpenMI) is to enable the runtime exchange of data between process simulation models and also between models and other modelling tools such as databases and analytical and visualization applications. Its creation has been driven by the need to understand how processes interact and to predict the likely outcomes of those interactions under given conditions.”
    • RASOR
      • “The Rapid Analysis and Spatialisation Of Risk (RASOR) project will develop a platform to perform multi-hazard risk analysis to support the full cycle of disaster management, including targeted support to critical infrastructure monitoring and climate change impact assessment.”
    • RegCM
      • “The [Regional Climate Model system] The model is flexible, portable and easy to use. It can be applied to any region of the World, with grid spacing of up to about 10 km (hydrostatic limit), and for a wide range of studies, from process studies to paleoclimate and future climate simulation.”
    • RIBS
      • “RIBS (Real-time Interactive Basin Simulator) is a topography-based, rainfall-runoff model which can be used for real-time flood forecasting in midsize and large basins.”
    • SWAT
      • “SWAT is a small watershed to river basin-scale model to simulate the quality and quantity of surface and ground water and predict the environmental impact of land use, land management practices, and climate change.”
    • WRF
      • “The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model is a next-generation mesoscale numerical weather prediction system designed for both atmospheric research and operational forecasting needs.”
    • WRF-CHEM
      • “WRF-Chem is the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model coupled with Chemistry. The model simulates the emission, transport, mixing, and chemical transformation of trace gases and aerosols simultaneously with the meteorology.”
    • WRF-Hydro
      • “The community WRF-Hydro modeling system is a multi-scale, multi-physics platform for linking various terrestrial hydrologic process models together. The system can be run in a 2-way coupled mode with weather and climate models or as a stand-alone system. WRF-Hydro is also the current modeling architecture for the NOAA National Water Model in the U.S”
    • BiodiversityCatalogue
      • The BiodiversityCatalogue: providing a curated catalogue of Biodiversity Web Services.
  • Sensor networks
    • Environmental Internet of Things
      • “The Environmental IoT project represents a first attempt to instrument and manage a catchment in all its facets, across different geographical location and at all its scales, for the benefit of the key stakeholders associated with that catchment – farmers and associated agricultural businesses, the water industry, tourists and tourism related businesses, and society more generally.”

 

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